In civil engineering, the specification is a detailed description document of all workmanship and materials which are going to be used in the building construction work.
Specifications play an important role in the execution of the quality of work, so the specification must be clear, concise, and free from any uncertainty.
Types Of Specifications
In civil engineering, the specifications are two types-
- General Specifications
- Detailed Specifications
General Specifications are the short description documents of everything which are going to be used in the construction work like equipment, materials, labours, etc.
General Specification helps to prepare the rough estimation cost of the construction work.
The general specification is not part of the contract documents.
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Detailed specifications are the detailed description documents of works that specify the qualities, quantities and proportion of materials.
It also specifies the method of preparation and execution and the method of measurements of the work.
The detailed specification is an important part of the contract document and it is a legal document for court suits.
The detailed specification of different items of work is prepared separately.
Objective Of Specification
Specification plays the role of legal contract documents in the situation of court cases.
The specification also illustrates the method of doing work.
Specification helps in the calculation of the total cost of the project including cost of labour, materials, equipment, etc.
It guides the contractor in every aspect of the construction work.
Specification helps to identify the type of equipment, what kind of labour need for work, number of labour, quality and quantity of materials and thus help the contractor to arrange these requirements before the work started.
Specification helps the contractor to fill the correct rate of work in the tender.
Frequantly Asked Questions (FAQ)
What are the different types of specifications in civil engineering?
In construction work, there are two types of specification-
1- General Specifications.
2- Detailed Specifications.
What is the general specification in the construction work?
It is a short description of construction work.
What is the detailed specification in the building construction work?
It is detailed description documents of works that specify the qualities, quantities and proportion of materials.
What is the importance of specifications in civil engineering?
Here are the following importance of specification in civil engineering construction work-
1- Work as a contract document.
2- Helps the contractor to fill the correct rate of work in the Tender.
3- Helps in calculations of the project cost.
4- It helps the contractor to track the work.